A preventive approach must be maintained as regards the care of feet. We will apply Vaseline daily before commencing the walk in order to prevent blisters appearing. The most sensitive areas and those prone to suffering damage are the soles, heels and the spaces between the toes
In order to prevent chaffing, attention must also be paid to socks, which will be preferably seamless and made of cotton. In the case that boots are used, besides the cotton socks, another woollen pair may be worn over these. It is very important to keep these clean and wash them frequently insofar as this is possible.
The characteristics of the stage or the state of the weather sometimes make it necessary to freshen the feet more frequently. To do so, the person can take advantage of the short stops or rest periods and look for springs or streams in which to briefly wash his feet. However, if it is important to freshen them, it is more important to dry them thoroughly, preferably in the open air as excess humidity can generate the appearance of mycosis, the colonisation by fungus, popularly known as “athlete’s foot”.
In order to treat feet damaged by blisters, it is essential never to eliminate the skin as this serves as protection and will help to heal and regenerate the damaged area. You must be equipped with hypodermic needles to prick the blisters at one or two points in order to achieve total draining. Once emptied, a gelatin dressing of the proper size will be placed on the blister and fixed with a sticking plaster. These applications must be withdrawn before washing the feet so that a new dressing can be applied once the feet have been properly dried. The treatment will be repeated the following day before beginning the walk again. If a blister forms again, it will be pricked once more in order to extract the liquid.
If cracks appear between the toes, which can sometimes cause itching and pain, we are dealing with the aforementioned mycosis. In order to treat this, correct hygiene is essential, as well as thorough drying, however, a doctor or chemist must be consulted and he will recommend the use of an antimycotic spray. In this case, it is not recommended to self-prescribe the use of ointments or creams as they may humidify the area and encourage the proliferation of the fungus, substantially aggravating the problem. The operation must be repeated after each washing before commencing the day’s activity and on finishing it.