Padrón, the birthplace of the Jacobean tradition, is an attractive, monumental town set in an extensive plainbetween the Rivers Ulla and Sar. Its name seems to come from the “Pedrón”, a Roman altar dedicated to Neptune which tradition links with the mooring place of the boat of the Apostle— the Stone Boat— which is today kept in the Church of Santiago.
Monumental Padrón provides us with multiple examples of its beauty. However the Padrón landscape is also attractive as it invites us to walk along the course of the River Sar until it flows into the River Ulla. Or we can go up to the Sanctuary of O Santiaguiño do Monte by a Way of the Cross with 125 steps. We can also enjoy the botanic garden (XIX century).
Padrón “extramuros” or rural extends towards Iria Flavia — which was a Roman city and an episcopal see until the XI century and here is located the Fundación Camilo José Cela—, to the slender Sanctuary of A Escravitude. It also extends towards Herbón — where the famous peppers grow — or in the direction of la Matanza — the house of Rosalía de Castro, or to Carcacía — the homeland of the medieval poet Macías O namorado—.
House of Rosalía de Castro, in A Matanza. Central Offices of the Fundación Rosalía de Castrof
Statue of the pilgrim in Padrón
Rois belongs to the region of the Sar and has a little over 5,000 inhabitants. It is an inland municipality, but closely linked to the coast due to its proximity to two Rías: the Ría de Arousa and the Ría de Muros-Noia. It has a very varied landscape, which extends over a little less than one hundred square kilometres, from the monte de O Pedregal with its altitude of 600 metres to the fertile valley of the Sar and its tributaries, the Rivers Liñares and Rois.
In the parish of Ribasar there is an important archaeological site, the Castro Lupario, a fortress on a hill which is shared with the municipality of Brión. The remains of inner walls and defensive walls can be seen there. According to tradition, QueenLupa, whom the disciples of Santiago had asked for a place to bury the Apostle, lived here.
Rois also has varied ethnographic and monumental riches: pazos (manor houses), hórreos (traditional granaries), numerous Calvaries and interesting Baroque Churches, some with Romanic components.