The route follows the coastline to Oia, keeping the ocean on the left. This section is flat, with very little shade. The sea breeze lessens the intensity of the sun during the summer months.
A Guarda- Portecelo
Length 10.5 Km
Estimated Duration 2h 05min
The coastal route enters Galicia at A Pasaxe (A Guarda), leaving Portugal behind at Caminha. A Guarda grew up along the lower slopes of the imposing Castro of Santa Trega, a pre-Roman fortified settlement and the town’s main tourist attraction and point of historic interest. It is the most iconic and visited of Galicia’s Gallaeci–Roman settlements. It was declared a National Historical-Artistic Monument in 1931. Additionally, a number of the hill’s stones contain petroglyphs made some 2000 years before the castro was settled. Santa Trega was occupied continuously from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD.
From the top it is possible to enjoy a magnificent panoramic view of the mouth of the Miño River. The estuary that makes up the final stretch of the largest of Galicia’s rivers is especially beautiful at low tide and sunset, with rushes, cormorants and birds of the Anatidae family dotting the marsh.
The route follows the coastline to Oia, keeping the ocean on the left. This section is flat, with very little shade. The sea breeze lessens the intensity of the sun during the summer months. We continue on to historic Santa María de Oia Monastery, located right on the coast and currently being restored. The monastery is the source of another of the names for this route: the Monastic Route. The front elevation of the monastery, constructed in the late 12th century, is one of the finest examples of the austerity, functionality and precision of the buildings of the Cistercian Order. The church still contains baroque altarpieces with highly expressive images.
On more than one occasion, its strategic location helped to defend the coast. This was the case in the mid 18th century, when the monks successfully foiled an attack by the Turkish fleet.